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    Need help? That's what we're here for! Please fill in the form below and one of our experienced jewellers will call and assist you.

      Diamond education: The 4Cs and why you must know them

      When the time comes to shop for engagement rings in Australia there is plenty to choose from but with the amount of competition around, the best advice we can give you is to educate yourself before you buy. The 4Cs are the characteristics of a diamond that determine its value and if you understand them well enough, they are also the key to finding the best ring for your price range. Carats, colour, clarity and cut each influence the value of the diamond but some components are more important than others when it comes to appearance.


      This refers to the total weight of a diamond NOT size. Weight is a factor that should be considered when purchasing a princess cut diamond ring, but it is not as important as other factors such as cut that have a direct influence over the sparkle and visual appeal of the stone. Two diamonds of the same carat weight may have substantial differences in price depending on the other 3 factors.




      The colour grade of a white diamond ranges alphabetically from D-Z, with those that are colourless or near colourless the rarest and therefore most valuable. Despite minor colour differences being difficult to detect with the naked eye, they often result in substantial price differences.

      The colour of a diamond becomes harder to distinguish when the stone is set into an environment that contains colour such as a yellow or rose gold band. This means that lower grade diamonds that display a hint of colour are best in coloured settings where the diamond appears whiter against the tone of the metal.



      The level of clarity ranges from flawless to inclusions that are visible to the naked eye. Clarity is determined by the number and extent to which imperfections prevent light from entering the stone, dulling its beauty and brilliance. Many imperfections are not visible to the naked eye or have very little impact on the appearance and these are often a fraction of the price of a truly flawless diamond.



      Diamond cut refers to the proportions of a stone, not its shape as many believe. The cut of a diamond controls its brilliance, making it the most important component of the 4Cs. Immense skill is required to cut a stone so that its proportions, symmetry and polish reflect as much light as possible. This improves the desirable visual effects of a stone such as its brightness, fire and scintillation, as the facets are perfectly arranged to create a powerful sparkle and stunning shine.

      At Midas Jewellery we are committed to helping our clients find the right diamonds for their engagement ring. We understand the importance of diamond education so that each and every customer can make the most of their budget. Make an appointment with one of our master jewellers today so we can help find the best diamond engagement rings for you or your loved one.

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